Whenever we change a name, git tracks a different author. The following names are all different authors insofar as git is concerned:

• Quintessence
• quintessence
• Quinn
• quin

Similar applies if you are using different email addresses, e.g. different personal addresses or different work / contract addresses. And then of course there are situations where people legally change their names, for a variety of reasons like transition, marriage, severing ties with family of origin, etc.

# When Two (Or More) Become One

In order to tell Git that these different authors are one, standard, author you use the .mailmap file. To show by example, let’s say that you need to make the following changes:

• An Alexandra to Sasha, same email of sasha@email.com
• A Hana Doe to Hana Smith, same email of hana@email.com
• A Jayne Cobb to George Parley, different email of the same pattern firstname@email.com
• Janet, same name but email from janet@email.com to notagirl@email.com

In this initial example, all the emails will stay the same, so I have some placehodlers. The way you would structure your .mailmap file would be:

Sasha <sasha@email.com>
Hana Smith <hana@email.com>
Jayne Cobb <jayne@email.com> George Parley <george@email.com>
Janet <janet@email.com> <notagirl@email.com>


You can see in the above that names or emails are matched, so you don’t need to specify the redundant information (e.g. Alexandra <sasha@email.com> Sasha <sasha@email.com>).

You can still also resolve the initial example I gave of variants of my own name, by just doing one line (assuming I’m using the same email for a given repo):

Quintessence <quintessence@email.com>


That would resolve all the Qs, Quinns, Quins, and Quintessences, as well as any case variants, to Quintessence. A similar step would resolve any email disparities if I also had various emails from changing email addresses over time.

## Getting Started

If you are generating your first .mailmap file and you have more authors than you know what to do with, for example if instead of cleaning up your own repos (hi) you’re cleaning up company repos, then you can generate your initial .mailmap with:

git shortlog -se > .mailmap


The output of that command will look something like:

   21	Quintessence <quintessence@email.com>


You’ll need to clean up the first part, which is the number of commits associated with each author. If you’d like to use vim, and I do, you can do this by going into the vim editor and running:

:%normal 2dw


Breaking that down:

• normal runs the command in Normal mode (i.e. runs the command)
• % applies it to every line
• 2dw deletes two words

[Test]( {{ < ref “vim-getting-started” > }}